Friday, 11 May 2018

The literal meanings behind Britain's place names

What's in a name?

A lot – according to research by QuickQuid, anyway.

The UK is known for having a rich and diverse history attracting Roman, Celtic and Anglo-Saxon settlers.

And with them, the settles brought unique meanings to Britain’s beloved counties, cities and towns.

Many of the counties are known as shires, which originated in the Anglo-Saxon kingdoms of the early Middle Ages. The literal meanings often came from early settlers in the area. For example, England has a rich Roman, Celtic and Anglo-Saxon history, which can be mapped out through its place names.

Here are four maps that translate the names of cities literally – be their origin Roman or Celtic:

Greater Manchester: Town on the Breast-like hill
Hertfordshire: Ford frequented by stags
Cheshire: Roman county
Leicestershire: Roman town of the people called Ligore
Northumberland: Land North of the River Humber
City of London: City on the wide flowing river
Isle of Wight: Place of the Division
Cornwall: People of the Horn

Down: The fort
Fermanagh: Place of the Manaigh tribe
Tyrone: Land of Eoghan
Derry: Oak Grove
Atrim: One Habitation

Flintshire: Hard rock county
Pembrokeshire: Land’s end county
Newport: Town of the Sands
Torfaen: Rock breaker
Vale of Glamorgan: Morgan’s territory

Kincardine: Head of the corpse
Caithness: Promontory of the cats
Stirling: Place of strife
Peebles: Place with tents
Bute: Island of Fire
Dunbarton: Fort of the Britons

(Source: indy100)

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